North Carolina wetland natives sorted by scientific name


View sorted by common name

Acorus americanus Sweet Flag Iris-like foliage releases a lovely scent when crushed.
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed Large pink flower clusters; an important butterfly plant.
Carex alata Broadwing Quill Sedge Sedge with delicate leaves and small seed clusters.
Carex comosa Bottle Brush Sedge Rather pale leaves, spiky "bottle brush" seed heads.
Carex crinita Fringed Sedge Deep green leaves and nodding seed heads.
Carex hyalinolepis Shoreline sedge A broadleaf sedge found primarily in coastal plain.
Carex joorii Cypress Swamp Sedge Large wetland sedge with notable shade tolerance.
Carex lupulina  Hop Sedge Robust sedge with yellow green foliage.
Carex lurida    Shallow Sedge Robust sedge with large spiky seed heads.
Carex scoparia Broom Sedge A fine leaved, shade tolerant sedge.
Carex stipata Awlfruit Sedge Large but neat, prominent seed heads held high.
Chelone glabra White Turtlehead White blooms shaped like little turtle heads.  
Cladium jamaicense    Sawgrass For brackish marshes or stormwater wetlands.
Eleocharis obtusa Spikerush Low growing annual or short-lived perennial.
Equisetum hyemale Horsetail An ancent genus of everygreen rush-like plants
Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus Hollow Stemmed Joe Pye  Soft rose flower heads adorn this tall perennial.  
Eutrochium maculatum Spotted Joe Pye Weed Soft rose flower heads adorn this tall perennial.  
Helianthus angustifolius  Swamp Sunflower Tall perennial with small 'sunflowers' beloved by birds.
Hibiscus laevis Halberleaf Rosemallow Nearly identical to the more common H. moscheutos.
Hibiscus moscheutos   Crimsoneyed Rosemallow Striking perennial with huge white to pink flowers.  
Iris virginica Southern Blue Flag Very showy purple flowers, a fairly slow grower.
Juncus coriaceus Leathery Rush Slightly smaller than J. effusus, glossy seed capsules.
Juncus effusus Soft Rush Despite its name, a rather stiff, upright Juncus.
Juncus roemerianus Black Needlerush This Juncus is limited to salt influenced marshes.
Juncus tenuis Path Rush A low growing rush, tolerates wet and dry soils.
Lemna species Duckweed Tiny, free floating aquatic. 
Lilaeopsis carolinensis Carolina Grasswort Forms a dense, low wetland "turf".
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower Brilliant red flowers shine in shade, short lived.
Lobelia elongata Blue Lobelia Similar to Lobelia cardinalis with bright blue flowers.
Lobelia siphilitica Big Blue Lobelia Similar to Lobelia cardinalis with bright blue flowers.
Muhlenbergia capillaris Purple Muhly Fine leafed grass with airy purple seed heads. 
Nelumbo lutea American Lotus Pale yellow blooms held high, limited supply.
Nymphaea odorata White Waterlily Lovely white blossoms, limited supply.
Panicum amarum Bitter Panicum A large, floppy grass, great for erosion control.
Panicum virgatum Switchgrass Attractive, upright, flood-proof, great erosion control.
Peltandra virginica Arrow Arum Exotic-looking perennial grows well in shade or sun.
Pontederia cordata    Pickerel weed Lovely purple flowers make this a favorite emergent. 
Potamogeton perfoliatus Claspingleaf Pondweed Our most reliable submerged, rooted aquatic.
Rhynchospora colorata Whitetop Sedge Attractive white "blooms"are actually bracts.
Saccharum brevibarbe Narrow Plume Grass Striking tall seed heads in fall, well above leaves.
Sagittaria engelmanniana Engelmann's Arrowhead Another of the Duck Potatoes, with fuzzy seeds.
Sagittaria lancifolia    Bulltongue A lovely Sagittaria with long narrow leaves.
Sagittaria latifolia    Duck Potato Large underground "potatoes" are relished by ducks.
Saururus cernuus     Lizard Tail Cute white flower spikes even in deep shade.  
Schoenoplectus  tabernaemontani Softstem Bulrush A tall, fast grower, adds a deep green vertical accent.
Scirpus americanus Three-square Deep green, excellent erosion control, running in habit.
Scirpus cyperinus    Wool Grass This grass-like plant has large woolly seed heads.
Scirpus robustus Saltmeadow Bulrush Brackish marsh species, coarse with thick rhizomes.
Sparganium americanum Burreed The first shallow water species to emerge in spring.
Spartina alterniflora Smooth Cordgrass Dominant grass in salt marsh intertidal zone.
Spartina patens Saltmeadow Cordgrass Dominant salt marsh grass above mean high water.
Zizaniopsis miliacea Water Millet Magnificent aquatic grass with persistent foliage.